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(Graphic and Reporting) J. You/Science; (Data) Dawen Xie, Henning Mortveit, Bryan Lewis, Dane Webster/NDSSL; (Map) Stamen Design and Openstreetmap Under Odbl, CC by 3.0 The roots of agent-based modeling go back at least to the 1940s, when computer pioneers such as Alan Turing experimented with locally interacting bits of software to model complex behavior in physics and biology. But the current wave of development didn’t get underway until the mid-1990s.One early success was Sugarscape, developed by economists Robert Axtell of George Mason University in Fairfax, Virginia, and Joshua Epstein of New York University (NYU) in New York City. Because their goal was to simulate social phenomena on ordinary desktop computers, they pared agent-based modeling down to its essence: a set of simple agents that moved around a grid in search of “sugar”—a foodlike resource that was abundant in some places and scarce in others. Though simple, the model gave rise to surprisingly complex group behaviors such as migration, combat, and neighborhood segregation.Another milestone of the 1990s was the Transportation Analysis and Simulation System (Transims), an agent-based traffic model developed by Barrett and others at the Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico. Unlike traditional traffic models, which used equations to describe moving vehicles en masse as a kind of fluid, Transims modeled each vehicle and driver as an agent moving through a city’s road network. The simulation included a realistic mix of cars, trucks, and buses, driven by people with a realistic mix of ages, abilities, and destinations. When applied to the road networks in actual cities, Transims did better than traditional models at predicting traffic jams and local pollution levels—one reason why Transims-inspired agent-based models are now a standard tool in transportation planning.A similar shift was playing out for epidemiologists. For much of the past century, they have evaluated disease outbreaks with a comparatively simple set of equations that divide people into a few categories—such as susceptible, contagious, and immune—and that assume perfect mixing, meaning that everybody in the affected region is in contact with everyone else. Those equation-based models were run first on paper and then on computers, and they are still used widely. But epidemiologists are increasingly turning to agent-based models to include factors that the equations ignore, such as geography, transportation networks, family structure, and behavior change—all of which can strongly affect how disease spreads. During the 2014 Ebola outbreak in West Africa, for example, the Virginia Tech group used an agent-based model to help the U.S. military identify sites for field hospitals. Planners needed to know where the highest infection rates would be when the mobile units finally arrived, how far and how fast patients could travel over the region’s notoriously bad roads, and a host of other issues not captured in the equations of traditional models.In another example, Epstein’s laboratory at NYU is working with the city’s public health department to model potential outbreaks of Zika, a mosquito-borne virus that can lead to catastrophic birth defects. The group has devised a model that includes agents representing all 8.5 million New Yorkers, plus a smaller set of agents representing the entire population of individual mosquitoes, as estimated from traps. The model also incorporates data on how people typically move between home, work, school, and shopping; on sexual behavior (Zika can be spread through unprotected sex); and on factors that affect mosquito populations, such as seasonal temperature swings, rainfall, and breeding sites such as caches of old tires. The result is a model that not only predicts how bad such an outbreak could get—something epidemiologists could determine from equations—but also suggests where the worst hot spots might be.In economics, agent-based models can be a powerful tool for understanding global poverty, says Stéphane Hallegatte, an economist at the World Bank in Washington, D.C. If all you look at are standard metrics such as gross domestic product (GDP) and total income, he says, then in most countries you’re seeing only rich people: The poor have so little money that they barely register.To do better, Hallegatte and his colleagues are looking at individual families. His team built a model with agents representing 1.4 million households around the globe—roughly 10,000 per country—and looked at how climate change and disasters might affect health, food security, and labor productivity. The model estimates how storms or drought might affect farmers’ crop yields and market prices, or how an earthquake might cripple factory workers’ incomes by destroying their cars, the roads, or even the factories.The model suggests something obvious: Poor people are considerably more vulnerable to disaster and climate change than rich people. But Hallegatte’s team saw a remarkable amount of variation. If the poor people in a particular country are mostly farmers, for example, they might actually benefit from climate change when global food prices rise. But if the country’s poor people are mostly packed into cities, that price rise could hurt badly.That kind of granularity has made it easier for the World Bank to tailor its recommendations to each country’s needs, Hallegatte says—and much easier to explain the model’s results in human terms rather than economic jargon. “Instead of telling a country that climate change will decrease their GDP by X%,” he says, “you can say that 10 million people will fall into poverty. That’s a number that’s much easier to understand.”Given how much is at stake in those simulations, Barrett says, users always want to know why they should trust the results. How can they be sure that the model’s output has anything to do with the real world—especially in cases such as nuclear disasters, which have no empirical data to go on?Barrett says that question has several answers. First, users shouldn’t expect the models to make specific predictions about, say, a stock market crash next Tuesday. Instead, most modelers accommodate the inevitable uncertainties by averaging over many runs of each scenario and displaying a likely range of outcomes, much like landfall forecasts for hurricanes. That still allows planners to use the model as a test bed to game out the consequences of taking action A, B, or C. Washington, D.C. A plume of radioactive fallout (yellow) stretches east across Washington, D.C., a few hours after a nuclear bomb goes off near the White House in this snapshot of an agent-based model. Bar heights show the number of people at a location, while color indicates their health. Red represents sickness or death. 11:15 a.m. A 10-kiloton nuclear bomb detonates, blasting a 50-meter-deep crater near the White House. Several hours after a nuclear attack, behavior shifts from efforts to find family members to evacuation. Total numbers drop as people flee the study area. Health care–seeking Power outage Evacuation Agent behaviors Radioactive fallout plume Second, Barrett says, the modelers should not just slap the model together and see whether the final results make sense. Instead, they should validate the model as they build it, looking at each piece as they slot it in—how people get to and from work, for example—and matching it to real-world data from transit agencies, the census, and other sources. “At every step, there is data that you’re calibrating to,” he says.Modelers should also try to calibrate agents’ behaviors by using studies of human psychology. Doing so can be tricky—humans are complicated—but in crisis situations, modeling behavior becomes easier because it tends to be primal. The NPS1 model, for example, gets by with built-in rules that cause the agents to shift back and forth among just a few behaviors, such as “health care–seeking,” “shelter-seeking,” and “evacuating.”Even so, field studies point to crucial nuances, says Julie Dugdale, an artificial intelligence researcher at the University of Grenoble in France who studies human behavior under stress. “In earthquakes,” she says, “we find that people will be more afraid of being without family or friends than of the crisis itself.” People will go looking for their loved ones first thing and willingly put themselves in danger in the process. Likewise in fires, Dugdale says. Engineers tend to assume that when the alarm sounds, people will immediately file toward the exits in an orderly way. But just watch the next time your building has a fire drill, she says: “People don’t evacuate without first talking to others”—and if need be, collecting friends and family.The evidence also suggests that blind, unthinking panic is rare. In an agent-based model published in 2011, sociologist Ben Aguirre and his colleagues at the University of Delaware in Newark tried to reproduce what happened in a 2003 Rhode Island nightclub fire. The crowds jammed together so tightly that no one could move, and 100 people died. Between the police, the local paper, and survivors’ accounts, Aguirre’s team had good data on the victims, their behavior, and their relationships to others. And when the researchers incorporated those relationships into the model, he says, the runs most consistent with the actual fire involved almost no panic at all. “We found that people were trying to get out with friends, co-workers, and loved ones,” Aguirre says. “They were not trying to hurt each other. That was a happenstance.”The NPS1 model tries to incorporate such insights, sending its agents into “household reconstitution” mode (searching for friends and family) much more often than “panic” mode (running around with no coherent goal). And the results can sometimes be counterintuitive. For example, the model suggests that right after the strike, emergency managers should expect to see some people rushing toward ground zero, jamming the roads in a frantic effort to pick up children from school or find missing spouses. The model also points to a good way to reduce chaos: to quickly restore partial cell service, so that people can verify that their loved ones are safe.If agent-based modelers have a top priority, it’s to make the simulations easier to build, run, and use—not least because that would make them more accessible to real-world decision-makers.Epstein, for example, envisions national centers where decision-makers could access what he calls a petabyte playbook: a library containing digital versions of every large city, with precomputed models of just about every potential hazard. “Then, if something actually happens, like a toxic plume,” he says, “we could pick out the model that’s the closest match and do near–real-time calculation for things like the optimal mix of shelter-in-place and evacuation.”At Virginia Tech, computer scientist Madhav Marathe is thinking along the same lines. When a Category-5 hurricane is bearing down, he says, someone like the mayor of San Juan can’t be waiting around for a weeklong analysis of the storm’s possible impact on Puerto Rico’s power grid. She needs information that’s actionable, he says—”and that means models with a simple interface, running in the cloud, delivering very sophisticated analytics in a very short period of time.”Marathe calls it “agent-based modeling as a service.” His lab has already spent the past 4 years developing and testing a web-based tool that lets public health officials build pandemic simulations and do what-if analyses on their own, without having to hire programmers. With just a few clicks, users can specify key variables such as the region of interest, from as small as a single city to the entire United States, and the type of disease, such as influenza, measles, Ebola, or something new. Then, using the tool’s built-in maps and graphs, users can watch the simulation unfold and see the effect of their proposed treatment protocols.Despite being specialized for epidemics, Marathe says, the tool’s underlying geographic models and synthetic populations are general, and they can be applied to other kinds of disasters, such as chemical spills, hurricanes, and cascading failures in power networks. Ultimately, he says, “the hope is to build such models into services that are individualized—for you, your family, or your city.” Or, as Barrett puts it, “If I send Jimmy to school today, what’s the probability of him getting Zika?”So it won’t just be bureaucrats using those systems, Barrett adds. It will be you. “It will be as routine as Google Maps. Panic All four agents escape to Virginia. A recipe for disasterThe U.S. government relies on an agent-based model to predict the effects of a nuclear attack in downtown Washington, D.C. The model contains many layers—infrastructure, transportation, weather—and hundreds of thousands of “agents” interact in this virtual landscape, changing their behavior in ways thought to mimic actual human behavior. The model helps planners identify trouble spots and assess potential damage. It also yields surprising patterns, such as some agents’ movements toward the blast in efforts to find family members. Virginia 2:35 p.m. A 16-year-old boy makes his way downtown from the Chesa- peake Bay, 30 kilometers away, in search of his mother. 5:45 p.m. The boy reaches his mother and finds her dead. He shifts to evacuation mode. 3:45 p.m. After shelter- ing in place, a 45-year-old man finds his health deteriorating because of radiation. He heads for a hospital. 5:15 p.m. The 45-year-old man waits for help at an overwhelmed hospital, then gives up and leaves the city. 12:45 p.m. A 27-year-old woman panics and circles a hospital while trying to call her roommate. 2:45 p.m. After getting in touch with her roommate, a 26-year-old woman makes plans to meet up and escape. Shelter Aid and assist Death ChesapeakeBay Household reconstitution What if a nuke goes off in Washington, D.C.? Simulations of artificial societies help planners cope with the unthinkable After the first 48 hours 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 Hours after blast 400,000 800,000 Population in study area At 11:15 on a Monday morning in May, an ordinary looking delivery van rolls into the intersection of 16th and K streets NW in downtown Washington, D.C., just a few blocks north of the White House. Inside, suicide bombers trip a switch.Instantly, most of a city block vanishes in a nuclear fireball two-thirds the size of the one that engulfed Hiroshima, Japan. Powered by 5 kilograms of highly enriched uranium that terrorists had hijacked weeks earlier, the blast smashes buildings for at least a kilometer in every direction and leaves hundreds of thousands of people dead or dying in the ruins. An electromagnetic pulse fries cellphones within 5 kilometers, and the power grid across much of the city goes dark. Winds shear the bomb’s mushroom cloud into a plume of radioactive fallout that drifts eastward into the Maryland suburbs. Roads quickly become jammed with people on the move—some trying to flee the area, but many more looking for missing family members or seeking medical help.It’s all make-believe, of course—but with deadly serious purpose. Known as National Planning Scenario 1 (NPS1), that nuclear attack story line originated in the 1950s as a kind of war game, a safe way for national security officials and emergency managers to test their response plans before having to face the real thing.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)Sixty years later, officials are still reckoning with the consequences of a nuclear catastrophe in regular NPS1 exercises. Only now, instead of following fixed story lines and predictions assembled ahead of time, they are using computers to play what-if with an entire artificial society: an advanced type of computer simulation called an agent-based model.Today’s version of the NPS1 model includes a digital simulation of every building in the area affected by the bomb, as well as every road, power line, hospital, and even cell tower. The model includes weather data to simulate the fallout plume. And the scenario is peopled with some 730,000 agents—a synthetic population statistically identical to the real population of the affected area in factors such as age, sex, and occupation. Each agent is an autonomous subroutine that responds in reasonably human ways to other agents and the evolving disaster by switching among multiple modes of behavior—for example, panic, flight, and efforts to find family members.The point of such models is to avoid describing human affairs from the top down with fixed equations, as is traditionally done in such fields as economics and epidemiology. Instead, outcomes such as a financial crash or the spread of a disease emerge from the bottom up, through the interactions of many individuals, leading to a real-world richness and spontaneity that is otherwise hard to simulate.That kind of detail is exactly what emergency managers need, says Christopher Barrett, a computer scientist who directs the Biocomplexity Institute at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech) in Blacksburg, which developed the NPS1 model for the government. The NPS1 model can warn managers, for example, that a power failure at point X might well lead to a surprise traffic jam at point Y. If they decide to deploy mobile cell towers in the early hours of the crisis to restore communications, NPS1 can tell them whether more civilians will take to the roads, or fewer. “Agent-based models are how you get all these pieces sorted out and look at the interactions,” Barrett says.The downside is that models like NPS1 tend to be big—each of the model’s initial runs kept a 500-microprocessor computing cluster busy for a day and a half—forcing the agents to be relatively simple-minded. “There’s a fundamental trade-off between the complexity of individual agents and the size of the simulation,” says Jonathan Pfautz, who funds agent-based modeling of social behavior as a program manager at the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency in Arlington, Virginia.But computers keep getting bigger and more powerful, as do the data sets used to populate and calibrate the models. In fields as diverse as economics, transportation, public health, and urban planning, more and more decision-makers are taking agent-based models seriously. “They’re the most flexible and detailed models out there,” says Ira Longini, who models epidemics at the University of Florida in Gainesville, “which makes them by far the most effective in understanding and directing policy.” Maryland (Image) Dane Webster, University of Colorado in Denver; (Data) Network Dynamics and Simulation Science Laboratory (NDSSL) By M. Mitchell WaldropApr. 12, 2018 , 2:00 PM Area shown
A 21-member Indian men’s hockey team will embark on a 15-day tour of Europe starting July 31 under the watchful guidance of High Performance Director Roelant Oltmans, who will also take over as the chief coach of the side after the unceremonious ouster of Paul Van Ass.India will play five matches during the tour to France and Spain which will culminate on August 14.During the tour, seen as preparations for the all-important FIH Hockey World League Final to be held in the country later this year, India will play twice against France and thrice versus Spain.The squad was selected following a preparatory camp held in Shilaroo near Shimla from July 19.Star midfielder Sardar Singh will continue to lead while goalkeeper PR Sreejesh will be his deputy.The squad consists of two goalkeepers, six defenders, six midfielders and seven forwards.Also read: Harbinder-led panel hangs Paul van Ass without a hearing Ace dragflicker VR Raghunath, defenders Kothajit Singh, and Gurjinder Singh, midfielders SK Uthappa and Danish Mujtaba, and strikers SV Sunil, Mandeep Singh, Talwinder Singh, who were not part of the 18-member squad that finished fourth in the World League Semifinals in Antwerp, have all made comebacks to the side.Forward Mohd Amir Khan is the lone new face in the team. Midfielder Manpreet Singh, Dharamvir Singh, Nikkin Thimmaiah, Satbir Singh, Gurmail Singh and Yuvraj Walmiki have been omitted from the Europe tour squad.Also to miss out was senior midfielder Gurbaj Singh, against whom Hockey India’s Special Committee has recommended disciplinary action for alleged misbehaviour with the coaching staff and creating disharmony in the side.advertisementAlso read: Dhyan Chand to be honoured with ‘Bharat Gaurav’ award in British Parliament India will open their tour with a match against hosts France at Le Touquet.Speaking on the significance of the tour, High Performance Director and India’s new chief coach Oltmans said: “It’s a very important series for us as this will be a base for us to understand how do we perform and deliver as a unit and the grey areas to be improved upon before the FIH World League Finals.”After World League Finals, our next step is Rio Olympics. Hence from here on, all tournaments are very important for us. We have to keep working and growing as a team. We are not taking the upcoming series lightly as both the teams (France and Spain) are very competitive and playing against them will help better our tackle against the European style of hockey.
Marega catches MessiPorto captain Hector Herrera, who was booked and will miss the quarter-final first leg, tested Robin Olsen with a bending effort just before the break when Roma lost skipper De Rossi following a crunching tackle by Danilo. Soares should have netted a second when his downward header skipped off the ground and flashed over the bar, while Olsen produced a superb fingertip save to claw out a Marega strike. Olsen was powerless to stop France-born Mali international moments later though as Marega timed his run perfectly to volley Corona’s curling cross into the roof of the net. Marega is now level with Lionel Messi and Dusan Tadic with six goals in this season’s tournament — and trails only Robert Lewandowski (eight). Pepe and Edin Dzeko were both booked following a theatrical clash near midfield, a caution that also rules the Portuguese defender out of his side’s next match in the competition. A dreadful Pepe error presented Perotti with an opportunity he failed to exploit as Roma searched for a late goal, while Otavio tested Olsen from distance towards the end of the 90 minutes. Marega went agonisingly close to scoring again early in extra time, while Dzeko dinked the ball over Casillas only for Pepe to race back and clear off the line in desperation. With penalties seemingly on the horizon, Porto grabbed a dramatic winner after Turkish referee Cuneyt Cakir pointed to the spot upon reviewing an incident in which Florenzi hauled back Fernando as the substitute stretched to reach a driven low cross. Telles sent Olsen the wrong way to fire Porto into their first quarter-final since 2014-15, although the hosts faced an anxious wait after Patrik Schick tumbled to the ground in the area before Cakir ruled there was no foul. Catch up on all the latest sports news and updates here. Also download the new mid-day Android and iOS apps to get latest updates p>This story has been sourced from a third party syndicated feed, agencies. Mid-day accepts no responsibility or liability for its dependability, trustworthiness, reliability and data of the text. Mid-day management/mid-day.com reserves the sole right to alter, delete or remove (without notice) the content in its absolute discretion for any reason whatsoever Juventus, Bayern Munich, PSG enter Last 16; Manchester City made to wait Spain’s star striker David Villa set to retire next month after 19 years Neymar’s Davis Cup trip annoys Paris St Germain coach Alex Telles converted a VAR-awarded penalty deep into extra time as Porto defeated Roma 3-1 on Wednesday to reach the Champions League quarter-finals following a tense 4-3 win on aggregate. Francisco Soares nudged Porto ahead with a simple tap-in on 26 minutes, but Daniele De Rossi equalised from the spot before half-time after Eder Militao chopped down Diego Perotti. Moussa Marega restored the lead on the night for Porto early in the second half to level the tie as he struck in his sixth successive appearance in Europe. An additional half-hour was required to settle an encounter that looked to be heading for a shootout before Telles tucked home from the spot on 117 minutes after a tug on Fernando by Alessandro Florenzi was spotted upon review. “It was not just me that scored the penalty, it was the whole team. The Dragao, the full stadium, made me feel at ease. It was a very good energy,” said Telles. “We’ve got to accept it, even if the way it happened is terrible to accept,” Roma captain De Rossi told Sky Sport Italia. Porto coach Sergio Conceicao, a former player at Roma’s city rivals Lazio, had expressed the need for patience as his side set about attempting to retrieve a 2-1 deficit. Yet they threatened twice inside the opening 10 minutes at the Estadio do Dragao as Jesus Corona hammered a volley narrowly over, with Telles lashing into the side-netting from a tough angle. Corona again tried his luck from range, his shot again dipping over the top, and the Mexico winger was once more involved as Soares poked in the opening goal. Marega, back in the side after missing the first leg with a thigh injury, pinched the ball from Kostas Manolas and was then picked out by Corona on the overlap to square for Soares to slot home. Porto’s lead lasted barely 10 minutes as Militao lunged in on Argentine Perotti, with De Rossi coolly rolling his penalty past three-time Champions League winner Iker Casillas.Related News
Leicester dominated the set pieces but in possession they were a mixture of the slick and the slack, a break and deft off-load too often followed by a knock-on. Newcastle spent most of the match seeking the sanctuary of the ropes but they were never put down and nothing, not even injuries, a mounting penalty count or the increasingly heavy rain could dampen their resolve.Leicester responded quickly to Goneva’s first try by working space for Jonny May and took the lead when Ford replied to Joel Hodgson’s penalty with two from close range. Hodgson followed the prop Scott Wilson and the second-row Sean Robinson into the dressing room, leaving Newcastle without a specialist outside-half or goal-kicker.Ellis Genge was causing havoc in the scrums but Leicester failed to make possession and territory count and Newcastle went into the interval level when Juan Pablo Socino kicked a penalty in front of the posts. The Tigers wasted a driving maul at the start of the second period and then had a Ben Youngs ‘try’ ruled out for a knock-on.That did not seem to matter when Mike Fitzgerald scored from close range and Ford kicked his third penalty, but as Leicester made changes from the bench, some enforced, their dominance waned and Newcastle seized the moment. Goneva scored from a rare attack to reduce the home side’s lead to five points and the Falcons were not content with a bonus point.When Sione Kalamafoni was sent to the sin-bin three minutes from the end for lurking in an offside position and getting in the way, Newcastle launched a series of drives that ended with Hogg touching down on 80 minutes.As the try was reviewed, the TMO indicated to Pearce that he seemed to have blown his whistle before Hogg touched the ball down the second time with no camera angle confirming he had reached the line at the first attempt. “I definitely got the ball down the first time and not hearing the referee’s whistle made sure,” said Hogg.Richards hailed his side’s resilience, saying: “We struggled in the set-pieces: our scrum was awful and our line-out didn’t function but we stuck at it and the players showed great character. To win here was quite extraordinary.” Sign up to the Breakdown for the latest rugby union news Leicester’s love affair with the play-offs looked to have come to an acrimonious end last night when Newcastle scored a disputed try by their No 8, Ally Hogg, with the final play of a game the Tigers had largely dominated.It took five minutes to review, with questions about the grounding, a double movement and whether the whistle had blown before the Scotland forward got the ball down, but the referee, Luke Pearce, was not swayed by the home crowd and awarded the try that lifted the Falcons to third and on course for a first Premiership semi-final.It was Leicester’s fifth home league defeat of the season, their highest in the Premiership era, and Newcastle’s seventh win on the road, more than any other club. To compound the Tigers’ woe, two of their alumni contributed to their downfall, the wing Vereniki Goneva, who scored two tries, and Dean Richards, the Falcons’ director of rugby.Richards side started the evening fourth in the table, two points above the Tigers, but 11 minutes from the end trailed 23-13 having lost three players to injury in the opening 24 minutes.They took the lead after 74 seconds when Goneva took possession from the base of a ruck, dummied the prop Dan Cole and sprinted 40 metres to the line, and the wing salvaged a game that was slipping away when he stepped inside two defenders before flattening George Ford on 69 minutes. The Tigers by then were nursing their lead and were unable to recapture their early momentum. Defeat at Sale next weekend could dump them out of the top six and into the Challenge Cup for the first time, their faint hope of finishing fourth resting on Wasps blowing up. 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Arsenal 4 Crystal Palace 1: Early blitz means Sanchez is hardly missed Harry West Last updated 1 year ago 00:52 1/21/18 Getty Images Four goals in the first 22 minutes inspired Arsenal to a rout of Crystal Palace, ensuring Alexis Sanchez’s absence was hardly a factor. Arsenal shrugged off the impending departure of Alexis Sanchez by scoring four times in the first 22 minutes en route to a 4-1 hammering of Crystal Palace on Saturday.The Chile international appears set to make the switch to Premier League rivals Manchester United, who are reportedly ready to pay £35million plus Henrikh Mkhitaryan for the forward’s services.For the second straight game, Arsene Wenger left Sanchez out of his matchday squad and the Frenchman seems poised for a pursuit of Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang as a replacement after Borussia Dortmund confirmed the Gunners had made a bid, thought to be in the region of €50m. 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A Liverpool legend in the making: Behind Virgil van Dijk’s remarkable rise to world’s best player But whatever Arsenal’s comings and goings before the end of the January window, they were certainly not short of firepower at Emirates Stadium as a sorry Palace were swept aside in a devastating opening.Nacho Monreal capitalised on shambolic defending to score the first and then tee up the next two for Alex Iwobi and Laurent Koscielny before the returning Mesut Ozil, back after missing three games with a knee injury, played a key role in Alexandre Lacazette’s marvellous fourth.Luka Milivojevic’s consolation came far too late to cause any Arsenal nerves and victory sees Wenger’s men bring their five-match winless streak – since a 3-2 success at Palace in which Sanchez scored twice – to a resounding end and move within two points of fifth-placed Tottenham, who visit Southampton on Sunday.The Arsenal #WeAreTheArsenal pic.twitter.com/0Xlgsu5Emi— Arsenal FC (@Arsenal) January 20, 2018Palace had enjoyed a resurgence under Roy Hodgson, losing only one of their past 12 Premier League outings, but they were comprehensively blown away as Arsenal moved out of sight inside the first quarter of the game.The tone was set when Monreal stole in completely unmarked at the back post to head in Granit Xhaka’s right-wing corner, and the lead was doubled before 10 minutes were up as the left-back turned provider, getting to the byline on the left before cutting back for Iwobi to steer home from close range.Palace failed to learn their lessons, however, as another Xhaka set-piece was met at the far post by Monreal, whose ball across was bundled home by Koscielny inside the six-yard box.The beleaguered Wayne Hennessey fumed at his defence as he picked the ball out of his net for the third time in 13 minutes, but neither he nor his backline could do anything about the glorious fourth.Ozil exchanged passes with Jack Wilshere and upon receiving the return, flicked a sumptuous backheel into the path of Lacazette, who swept home first-time into the bottom-right corner.Palace showed belated signs of life as Bakary Sako caused havoc among the Arsenal defence and shot straight at Petr Cech, who was at full stretch shortly before the break to keep out Wilfried Zaha’s deflected effort. A @premierleague milestone #AFCvCPFC pic.twitter.com/1gss2AuUIW— Arsenal FC (@Arsenal) January 20, 2018Hennessey raced from his line to deny Iwobi at the end of a searing counter 11 minutes into the second period and Cech was similarly impressive in spreading himself to keep out Christian Benteke at the other end.Iwobi’s thumping drive was kept out by Hennessey at his near post as Arsenal sought a fifth but with the game long since sewn up, Wenger replaced Ozil with Premier League debutant Reiss Nelson as the match entered its closing stages.Cech’s wait for a 200th Premier League clean sheet went on, however, as Milivojevic spun and fired home from a corner late on with 12 minutes left, Benteke claiming the assist.But that was the only sour note on an otherwise excellent outing for the Gunners ahead of their crucial EFL Cup semi-final date with Chelsea, while Palace’s poor day at the office took another bad turn when Yohan Cabaye left the pitch on a stretcher in the final moments.Key Opta stats:- Arsenal went 4-0 up in the opening 22 minutes in this game – the earliest a side has led by that many in a Premier League game since Liverpool against the Gunners themselves in February 2014 (20 minutes).- Nacho Monreal was involved in three of Arsenal’s goals before being substituted (1 goal, 2 assists) – as many as in his previous 43 Premier League games combined (2 goals, 1 assist).- Roy Hodgson is now winless in all 11 of his Premier League away London derbies as manager (D3 L8).- Arsenal are now unbeaten in their last 19 Premier League home games kicking off at 3pm on a Saturday (W17 D2), since losing to Aston Villa on the opening day of the 2013-14 campaign.- Luka Milivojevic scored his seventh Premier League goal, with the Gunners the only team he has scored against more than once.- Crystal Palace have now lost just two of their last 13 Premier League games (W5 D6), with both defeats coming against Arsenal. read more
The province released its biannual progress report on recommendations made by the office of the auditor general today, June 28. The report provides a status update of all recommendations made from April 2009 to January 2012. The province committed to providing greater accountability and transparency when it comes to reporting on the work done to complete recommendations made by the auditor general. The six-month update shows the progress that has been made to improve the programs and services delivered to Nova Scotians. Since April 2009, the auditor general has made 435 recommendations. As of May 31, 428 recommendations were completed or in progress. The update can be found at www.gov.ns.ca/treasuryboard/Publications.html .
Drawing on her experience advocating for early education programs across the country, Save the Children Artist Ambassador Jennifer Garner helped launch bipartisan legislation on Capitol Hill Wednesday that would dramatically expand early learning opportunities in America.“As moms, we all want our children to do the very best they can, in school and in life. But, early education opportunities are out of reach for so many families in this country. As a result, children enter school already behind and at risk of never catching up,” said Garner.“All children deserve the chance to succeed, but right now millions don’t get one,” she said. “With this legislation, we have an historic opportunity to give the nearly 1 in 4 children living in poverty a chance at a brighter future.”As a Save the Children artist ambassador since 2009, Garner has traveled the country visiting the organization’s early education programs in impoverished rural communities. The award-winning actress, mother of three and daughter of a retired West Virginia teacher came to Washington to help announce the introduction of the “Strong Start for America’s Children Act.”The bill would build upon President Obama’s early education proposal announced in his February State of the Union address by helping states fund preschool for all 4-year-olds of low-income families and by expanding additional early learning opportunities from birth to age 5.Garner joined Secretary of Education Arne Duncan and the bill’s cosponsors, Tom Harkin (D-IA), Rep. George Miller (D-CA), Rep. Richard Hanna (R-NY), to unveil the legislation alongside preschool children, parents, educators, and members of the law enforcement, military, and business communities.Currently, two out of five American children don’t attend preschool before starting Kindergarten. Low-income children are the most likely to fall behind before school starts, with research showing they can lag more affluent peers by 18 months by age 4. A new Stanford University study shows the developmental gap can already be six months by the time a child turns 2.Preschool and earlier interventions, such as voluntary home visiting programs for the most vulnerable children, level the playing field by helping children of all backgrounds enter school ready to succeed, said Save the Children.“Once kids fall behind it gets more and more expensive to get them back on track as they get older,” said Save the Children Senior Vice President Mark Shriver, who also attended Wednesday’s event.“Why wait until they fall behind in the first place? If we care about our children’s future and our nation’s economic prospects, there’s really no better investment than early education,” he said. “Save the Children strongly endorses the Strong Start for America’s Children Act.”Earlier this month, Shriver and Sec. Duncan visited a family in Save the Children’s Early Steps to School Success program in Eastern Kentucky, and then joined an early learning town hall attended by local and state leaders of both parties.Learn more at www.savethechildren.org/early.Source:Save the Children
VICTORIA, B.C. – The B.C. Liberal Caucus has released a statement in regards to the NDP Government’s Caribou Plan.According to the Liberals, the NDP fails to consider the socio-economic impact that the caribou recovery plan will have on residents and their livelihoods.“At issue is an NDP plan that fails to adequately consider literally hundreds of jobs, particularly in the forest sector. Further at risk are severe backcountry restrictions and John Horgan’s unwillingness to ensure meaningful consultation. Instead, there is a mad rush to get through the process and hard-working British Columbians don’t trust they are being heard.” The Liberals are also claiming that John Horgan’s Government is determined to kill jobs in the forestry sector with this proposed Caribou Plan.“For a government that says it knows best when it comes to supporting the forestry sector, John Horgan and the NDP seem determined to kill hundreds of forestry jobs across the province.”Peace River South MLA, Mike Bernier, says the Peace Region cannot afford the potential shutdowns of industries due to the Caribou Recovery.“Government officials have confirmed that the forest and possibly mining industries will suffer most. Our region can’t afford the potential shutdown of the mill in Chetwynd or the mine in Tumbler Ridge simply because the goal of John Horgan’s caribou plan is to simply meet an artificial deadline set by the federal government.”The Liberals hope that the NDP Government will make a decision that reflects the interest of Hard-working British Columbians.
Anand Bhaskar is a renowned singer, who’s beyond the chord he plays and the song he sings. His soulful voice with the perfect blend of his musical timing, have always managed to woo the audience no matter what. To be best described, his solo sets are fun with a side of tasty grooves; Not just this, but Anand Bhaskar Collective (ABC) is the brainchild of this talented singer-songwriter and the band under his idea of conceptualisation has produced hit albums like ‘Samsara’, ‘Excuse me’. Also Read – I have personal ambitions now: PriyankaOne song you wish you had sung’Mitwa’ from Lagaan or ‘Chinnamma Chilakkamma’ from Meenaxi A music composer you want to work with Amit Trivedi Your favorite genre of music Alternative Rock Your best work till date All the songs from ‘Mirzapur Season 1’ and my debut album ‘Samsara’ An actor you want to give your voice to Ranveer Singh A veteran singer you take inspiration from Kishore Kumar and Eddie Vedder Lowest point in your career/life Also Read – Salman Khan remembers actor Vinod KhannaBeing stuck in a thankless job and almost losing my ability to sing Best compliment you have received Your music can be enjoyed by anybody in the age groups of 5 and 70. Three things you can’t live without My family, Music, The ability to sing One thing you hate the most about music industry It is very hard to make your mark in the peak years of your life if you’re not related to somebody in the industry. Most people who’ve made it on their own have had to struggle for nearly a decade to be where they are.
In a statement released in Vienna, ODCCP pledged to work closely with the Afghan Interim Administration to ensure that drug control receives priority attention in the months and years ahead. The Office also underscored the need for international support for Afghanistan’s efforts to implement the ban by using effective law enforcement and promoting alternative crop development projects. Although ODCCP has not been able to monitor the opium situation in Afghanistan since last year’s terrorist attacks against the United States, the Office is now preparing to conduct its annual opium poppy survey in Afghanistan. A pre-assessment study report is expected by the end of February, with the full survey to be completed by September.
Robert MacGill, an attorney for Mid-America Sound Corp., speaks to the media after speaking to the Indiana Supreme Court at the Statehouse Wednesday, Sept. 23, 2015 in Indianapolis. The Indiana Supreme Court is weighing whether to take up a case involving a company that supplied stage rigging involved in the deadly 2011 Indiana State Fair stage collapse. (AP Photo/Darron Cummings) High court to decide if Indiana responsible for company’s damages in state fair stage collapse by Rick Callahan, The Associated Press Posted Sep 23, 2015 6:12 am MDT Last Updated Sep 23, 2015 at 4:40 pm MDT AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to RedditRedditShare to 電子郵件Email INDIANAPOLIS – The state of Indiana is responsible by contract for the legal defence and any judgments against a company which provided the rigging that collapsed and killed seven people during the 2011 state fair, a company attorney told the state’s highest court.Mid-America Sound Corp. attorney Robert MacGill told the justices of the Indiana Supreme Court on Wednesday that Indiana’s State Fair Commission signed lease forms with the company for nine years that included an “indemnification” provision releasing Mid-America from any claims arising from the use of its equipment.Mid-America inserted that provision in its invoice claim form after the company tried to halt a 2002 state fair concert as severe weather threatened but was rebuffed by state fair officials, who said only they had such authority, he said.“The 2002 event changed the contract and the contract was negotiated, agreed to and executed year after year,” MacGill said.Fair officials signed the revised forms starting in 2003 and for eight subsequent years, including in 2011 after high winds in August of that year toppled stage rigging Mid-America had provided onto fans awaiting the start of a concert by country duo Sugarland. Seven people were killed and more than 100 were injured.Indiana has paid out $11 million to victims of the collapse, including $5 million under the state’s liability cap and $6 million in public funds freed up by the General Assembly.The state contends that the State Fair Commission is a state entity that cannot be required to pay the liability faced by a private company such as Mid-America, and that doing so would violate state law.Indiana Solicitor General Thomas Fisher told the court the indemnification provision in the invoice claim forms Mid-America submitted are “a gotcha claim” that could potentially transfer “limitless liability” to the state.Fisher said the voucher form provision was never part of the state’s contracting and negotiation processes.“The only reason we’re here is because this was on the back of an invoice,” he said.The amount of damages Mid-America faces in lawsuits filed following the 2011 stage collapse remains under court seal.Wednesday’s hearing came after Indiana appealed a March ruling by the state Court of Appeals that overturned a Marion County judge’s 2014 finding that Mid-America Sound could not shift its liabilities to the state.The appellate ruling found that Mid-America could use its indemnification arguments in trial court. If that ruling is upheld by the high court, a jury could find the state responsible for legal damages the company faces.Chief Justice Loretta Rush said following Wednesday’s hearing that the court would consider the case and decide whether to accept it on appeal. If it does, the court will issue an opinion in the matter.
OTTAWA – Statistics Canada says wholesale sales fell 0.2 per cent to $58.9 billion in February, led by lower sales in the personal and household goods and the food, beverage and tobacco subsectors.The move lower followed four consecutive monthly increases.Economists had expected a drop of 1.0 per cent for the month, according to Thomson Reuters.Sales fell in four of seven subsectors in February, accounting for 54 per cent of total wholesale sales.The personal and household goods subsector posted the largest decline in dollar terms in February as it fell 1.7 per cent to $8.3 billion. The food, beverage and tobacco subsector dropped 1.0 per cent to $11.0 billion, led by the food industry.In volume terms, wholesale sales decreased 0.4 per cent. Statistics Canada says wholesale sales fell 0.2 per cent in February by The Canadian Press Posted Apr 24, 2017 7:01 am MDT Last Updated Apr 24, 2017 at 7:40 am MDT AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to RedditRedditShare to 電子郵件Email
The meeting was held at UN Headquarters in New York in response to growing international concerns about risks facing migrants and refugees, which were illustrated by recent news reports and videos showing African migrants in Libya allegedly being sold as slaves. “This is an enormous human tragedy and we can stop it,” said William Lacy Swing, Director General of the International Organization for Migration (IOM), via video link from Geneva, underscoring the need to break the smugglers’ business model. In such efforts, IOM has helped 13,000 people get out of detention centres in Libya and 8,000 in Niger, he said, noting that there are about 15,000 still in such facilities. IOM is working with partners, including the Government of Libya, the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), the African Union, the European Union, and countries of origin, to forge an agreement to implement a programme to empty those detention centres, Mr. Swing said. Also briefing was the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, Filippo Grandi, who told the Council: “The grave abuses perpetrated against migrants and refugees along the Central Mediterranean routes can no longer be ignored.” “Compelled to flee, but without legal pathways to safety, refugees are exposed to appalling harm, together with migrants, including torture, rape, sexual exploitation, slavery and other forms of forced labour,” Mr. Grandi said, also via video link from Geneva, adding that these abuses proliferate where governance is weak and transnational criminal networks take root. “This requires a comprehensive approach encompassing countries of origin, transit, and destination,” he stressed, highlighting the need to strengthen refugee protection and offer solutions along the routes. UNHCR is stepping up its work – but faces “dramatic” funding gaps, especially in sub-Saharan Africa, he added. UNHCR is helping the authorities address the needs of displaced Libyans and others affected by conflict. Reception and protection mechanisms are being incrementally strengthened. Plans for a transit centre in Tripoli are progressing positively. “Too often, measures pursued in relation to the Mediterranean routes have centred on how to control, deter and exclude. This can have a dehumanizing effect – and more importantly, alone, it does not help refugees and migrants avoid exploitative, deeply harmful situations,” Mr. Grandi said, calling for a comprehensive set of political, security, humanitarian, human rights and development investments. “Your attention is welcome, because your leadership is critical to ensuring that this happens,” he told the Council members.
What’s open and what’s closed for the Fourth of July:• MAIL: Post offices closed, no home delivery. The postal unit at Shell, 1605 N.W. Sixth Ave., Camas, is open 5 a.m. to 2 a.m. every day of the year.• GARBAGE: Waste Connections, serving Vancouver and most of Clark County, on regular schedule. In Camas, city pickups normally made on Wednesdays will be made Thursday.• PUBLIC LIBRARIES: Fort Vancouver Regional Library and Camas Public Library closed.• COLLEGES: No classes at Clark College or Washington State University Vancouver.• CLARK PUBLIC UTILITIES: Offices closed. For 24-hour customer service, call 360-992-3000. For outages or emergencies, call 360-992-8000• GOVERNMENT OFFICES: Closed.• PARKING METERS: On-street parking in Vancouver is free.• BUSES: C-Tran buses follow Sunday/holiday schedule. Also, C-Tran provides free service to Vancouver’s Fireworks Spectacular at Fort Vancouver National Historic Site, with shuttles departing from the 99th Street Transit Center and Fisher’s Landing Transit Center, about every 15 minutes from 6 to 8:30 p.m., and returning to the same locations immediately following the fireworks. TriMet buses follow Sunday schedule; MAX and Portland Streetcar follow Saturday schedule.• DRIVER’S LICENSING: Closed.• EMISSIONS TESTING: Closed.• VEHICLE LICENSING: Closed.• FINANCIAL MARKETS: U.S. markets closed.• BANKS: Most closed; check your bank for details.• ZOO: Oregon Zoo open.• MARSHALL COMMUNITY CENTER: Closed.• FIRSTENBURG COMMUNITY CENTER: Closed.• THE COLUMBIAN: Offices closed. Circulation lines, 360-694-2312, open 4:30 to 11 a.m.
ASTORIA, Ore. (AP) — The U.S. Coast Guard says power has been restored on a 648-foot car container ship that was drifting without power off the Oregon coast southwest of the Columbia River mouth.The Coast Guard says the Singapore-flagged Morning Spruce reported late Sunday morning the engine lost power about 12 miles from the river’s entrance.Coast Guard officials say the vessel engineer restored power about 3:30 p.m. and the ship will be escorted to the river by a tug.Petty Officer Nate Littlejohn says a second tug will join the two vessels upriver and the three vessels will proceed to Portland, Ore. The Coast Guard will inspect the Morning Spruce there.Littlejohn says no fuel has been spilled. The Morning Spruce is carrying 543,000 gallons of fuel and a full shipment of cars.
Just 3% of employer respondents are helping their employees to understand the changes to lifetime and annual allowance limits that come into effect in April 2016, according to research by Close Brothers Asset Management.The Close Brothers business barometer, which surveyed 917 employers, also found that 14% of respondents offer retirement seminars to help staff to navigate the pension reforms introduced in April 2015.The research also found:Around a third (30%) of respondents have introduced broader pension engagement to support employees, compared to 25% in October 2015.17% offer specific support for staff at retirement.36% of respondents offer employees access to advice.Jeanette Makings (pictured), head of financial education services at Close Brothers Asset Management, said: “The pension reforms themselves have heightened the need for financial education as with greater choice comes greater complexity and individuals need to be aware of the impact on their finances and need more guidance to make good decisions.“With even more policy changes ahead, such as the reduction in the annual and lifetime allowances, it’s vital that employees are aware of how they could be affected, and importantly how to plan around it.“Employers are in a unique position to play a central role in helping their employees to understand and make the right choices. Addressing new reforms as they come along can easily be built into existing financial education programmes.”
NORTHWEST MIAMI-DADE, FLA. (WSVN) – Two people were killed and two children were airlifted to the hospital after a two car collision in Northwest Miami-Dade.Officials are on the scene of the collision which left one man and one woman dead in the area of 103rd Street and Northwest 32nd Avenue, around 9:15 p.m. Thursday.A silver vehicle on the scene could be seen with a tarp around the driver’s side. A black car on the scene was carrying the two children. Two people were inside one car and five were inside the other.Miami-Dade Fire Rescue airlifted the two children to Jackson Memorial Hospital in unknown condition.According to officials on the scene, it is unclear who is at fault for the deadly crash.The area has been roped off and traffic is being rerouted by officials. It is advised for drivers to seek alternative routes.Stay tuned to WSVN 7 News and wsvn.com for updates on this developing story. Copyright 2019 Sunbeam Television Corp. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.